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Unie Polski z Czechami w XV i XVI w. Spostrzeżenia i refleksje

Jerzy Serczyk

Czech- Polish Agreements in the 15–16th Century. Remarks and Reflections

Mid-Eastern Europe is a unique civilization area on the continent. At the turn of the Middle Ages and Modern Times, from the end of the 14th century until the beginning of the 16th century, a range of international unions, personal, real and dynastic, appeared there and declined. Apparently, the longest was the one between Poland and Lithuania, which lasted until the end of the 18th century. Danish, Swedish and Norwegian one was also significant, though it expired after 126 years. The author of the article has focused on attempts to create a Polish-Czech union, taken up both by the societies of those countries (especially Czech) and by the royal diplomacy. However often made for a hundred years (1420–1515), the attempts were ineffective. Reflections on them allow better understanding of motivations and tactics of each factor, included in the process.