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Rousseau i Helwecjusz wobec problemu wychowania

Jean Roussel

Although relationships between Rousseau and Hélvetius were full of respect, their concepts of education were so different that they resulted in a conflict. They both pursue to cognition of man throwing away all forms of apriorism; they underline the influence of outer factors on creation of a human being and the role of senses in the cognitive process. Yet, sensualist tendencies are stronger in Hélvetius’. The ‘pursuit of perfection’ is what differs a man from animals, according to Rousseau. A human being is not only physical, the spiritual element is crucial. Thus the conflict becomes one of the representations of the discourse of freedom, which was essential for the époque.