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Nietzsche, poststrukturalizm i warszawska szkoła historyków idei

Andrzej Leder

Nietzsche, Post-Structuralism and the Warsaw School of Historians of Ideas

The Nietzschean perspective was revealed with great power in the French thought of the second half of the 20th century. In my opinion, it also allows to grasp the basic dispute in which post-structuralism would be involved with the representatives of the Warsaw School of the History of Ideas if it entered such dispute. In its centre Nietzsche’s figure of Socrates could be placed and the function Nietzsche assigned to him while explaining the fall of tragedy. The thinkers departing from Marxism in the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century could choose “Socratic” path, one could think such was the destiny of the Warsaw School of the History of Ideas. Another possibility was created by the perspective of criticism of reason in the Nietzschean spirit, characteristic of French thinkers. The author wonders about the circumstances in which the choices were made.