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Prasa codzienna w przestrzeni dziewiętnastowiecznej Warszawy

Jakub Jakubaszek

Daily Newspapers in Nineteenth Century Warsaw. Reading Habits and Social Circulation

Starting from the 20’s of the 19th century, practice of reading daily newspapers in Warsaw cafés was gradually spreading. In the second half of the century, it became a collective habit of various social groups, including literate members of the lower class. Reading practices in urban space were not uniform: dailies were read silently, but also aloud, as a form of spending free time or for political reasons. Over the years, however, practice of collective reading almost disappeared. At the end of the 19th century, a single-copy sale was increasing, but did not replace the practice of subscription. Many difficulties with the distribution of newspapers, as well as the persistence of some traditions that do not seem typical of metropolitan culture, indicate slowness of the modernization process.