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Pamięć religijna a pamięć kulturowa w dziele Stanisława Vincenza

Stanisław Obirek

Religious and Cultural Memory in Stanisław Vincenz’s Work

Stanisław Vincenz (1888–1971) is known mainly as the author of the monumental saga Na wysokiej połoninie (On the High Uplands) – which is a song of the sunk Atlantis – worlds of various national and religious minorities which coexist in harmony. The postwar cooperation with the Parisian “Kultura”, friendship with Czesław Miłosz and creation of “private Platonic academy” deserve comprehensive studies and more systematized description. At present, one may watch a kind of a renaissance of the oral tradition as a complement to the written accounts, which is a central aspect of Vincenz’s work. This is based on theories developed mainly in the United States (Albert Lord, Eric A. Havelock, Walter Ong), in Western Europe (Jack Goody, Jan Assmann) and Poland (Andrzej Mencwel, Grzegorz Godlewski). Stanisław Vincenz’s literary and philosophical heritage is a perfect combination of practice (record of heritage of Eastern Galicia described in the cycle Na wysokiej połoninie) and theory (philosophical essays). In my paper I make an attempt to include the work by Stanisław Vincenz in the current anthropological reflection based on interaction between the oral and literary tradition, as well as strategies of building cultural and religious memory. As Jan Assmann claims, clericalizing of culture led to its sacralization and stagnation. This happened in Egypt, where priests took possession of memory; it happens in every culture which abandons the critical instance made by its prophetic and hermeneutic dimension. It seems then that in Stanisław Vincenz’s literary work diverse cultural, ethnic and religious interactions are presented together with their dynamic coexistence.