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Prawo do wiary w wartości bezwzględne. Spór Leszka Kołakowskiego z Richardem Rortym

Anna Dziedzic

The Right to Believe in Absolute Values. A Dispute between Leszek Kołakowski and Richard Rorty

Leszek Kołakowski has always been a harsh critic of the American pragmatism, first as a Marxist and later as a philosopher of culture, interested in cognitive and ethical values of Western civilisation. In 1995, he directly polemicised with Rorty and his neopragmatism, considered as relativism and scientism. He tried to invalidate relativism by showing its own relative nature, and disagreed with Rorty’s thesis that belief in the absolute value of truth and ethical good is irrelevant to culture. He tried to prove that abandoning the traditional question about the Truth is impossible from the existential and philosophical point of view, and also harmful to the social morality. Besides, Kołakowski’s Christian view of human imperfection was in a strong disagreement with Rorty’s future-oriented democratism. Keywords: relativism, truth, absolute value, myth, Leszek Kołakowski, Richard Rorty.